EAS Publications Series
Volume 58, 2012ECLA - European Conference on Laboratory Astrophysics
|Page(s)||353 - 356|
|Published online||13 February 2013|
C. Stehlé, C. Joblin and L. d’Hendecourt (eds)
EAS Publications Series, 58 (2012) 353-356
The formation of carbon dioxide in molecular cores by a non-energetic route
1 Department of Physics, Scottish
Universities Physics Alliance, University of Strathclyde, Glasgow, G4
2 LERMA-LAMAp, Université de Cergy-Pontoise, Observatoire de Paris, ENS, UPMC, UMR 8112 du CNRS, 5 mail Gay Lussac, 95000 Cergy Pontoise Cedex, France ;
The formation of CO2 in quiescent molecular cores has long been of interest to astrochemists as CO2 is one of the most abundant solid phase molecules present in the interstellar medium. Previous studies have concentrated, for the most part, on formation mechanisms involving high energy particle or UV bombardment of ices, to mimic the influence of cosmic rays on solid phase species in the outer, lower density regions of molecular clouds. However, condensed phase CO2 is also observed in the inner, denser regions of clouds, where less UV radiation penetrates. To date, very few studies have been made of CO2 formation in the absence of energetic particles.
Low-energy routes to the formation of CO2 are crucial to explain the high abundances of this molecule observed in quiescent regions. We discuss recent experimental results of a study of the low-energy reaction CO + OH. A simple model, developed to describe the kinetics of the system, suggests that the various reactions of the OH radical are key in characterising the production of CO2 and other species. Our results indicate that some CO2 forms concurrently with H2O in molecular clouds, in line with both previous observations and theory. The results of this research are published in Noble et al. (2011).
© The Author(s) 2013