EAS Publications Series
Volume 48, 2011CRAL-2010 A Universe of Dwarf Galaxies
|Page(s)||435 - 440|
|Section||Cosmology and Dark Matter|
|Published online||11 July 2011|
M. Koleva, Ph. Prugniel and I. Vauglin (eds)
EAS Publications Series, 48 (2011) 435–440
How do Dwarf Galaxies Acquire Their Mass & When do They Form Their Stars?
1 Institut d’Astrophysique, Paris, France
2 Institut d’Astrophysique Spatiale, Orsay, France
3 Astrophysikalisches Institut, Postdam, Germany
4 CRAL, Observatoire de Lyon, Lyon, France
5 Dept. of Astronomy, Univ. of Virginia, Charlottesville VA, USA
We apply a simple, one-equation, galaxy formation model on top of the halos and subhalos of a high-resolution dark matter cosmological simulation to study how dwarf galaxies acquire their mass and, for better mass resolution, on over 105 halo merger trees, to predict when they form their stars. With the first approach, we show that the large majority of galaxies within group- and cluster-mass halos have acquired the bulk of their stellar mass through gas accretion and not via galaxy mergers. We deduce that most dwarf ellipticals are not built up by galaxy mergers. With the second approach, we constrain the star formation histories of dwarfs by requiring that star formation must occur within halos of a minimum circular velocity set by the evolution of the temperature of the IGM, starting before the epoch of reionization. We qualitatively reproduce the downsizing trend of greater ages at greater masses and predict an upsizing trend of greater ages as one proceeds to masses lower than mcrit. We find that the fraction of galaxies with very young stellar populations (more than half the mass formed within the last 1.5 Gyr) is a function of present-day mass in stars and cold gas, which peaks at 0.5% at mcrit = 106−8 M⊙, corresponding to blue compact dwarfs such as I Zw 18.
© EAS, EDP Sciences, 2011