EAS Publications Series
Volume 46, 2011PAHs and the Universe: A Symposium to Celebrate the 25th Anniversary of the PAH Hypothesis
|Page(s)||209 - 214|
|Published online||30 March 2011|
C. Joblin and A.G.G.M. Tielens (eds)
EAS Publications Series, 46 (2011) 209-214
Confirmation of C60 in the Reflection Nebula NGC 7023
Department of Astronomy, Ohio State University
2 Jet Propulsion Laboratory, California Institute of Technology
3 Spitzer Science Center, California Institute of Technology
4 Ritter Astrophysical Research Center, University of Toledo
5 University of Arizona
6 Université de Toulouse, UPS, CESR
The fullerene C60 has four infrared active vibrational transitions at 7.0, 8.5, 17.5 and 18.9 μm. We have previously observed emission features at 17.4 and 18.9 μm in the reflection nebula NGC 7023 and demonstrated spatial correlations suggestive of a common origin. We now confirm the identification of these features with C60 by detecting a third emission feature at 7.04 ± 0.05μm at a position of strong 18.9 μm emission in NGC 7023. We also report the detection of these three features in the reflection nebula NGC 2023. We show with spectroscopic mapping of NGC 7023 that the 18.9 μm feature peaks on the central star, that the 16.4 μm emission feature due to PAHs peaks between the star and a nearby photodissociation front, and that the 17.4 μm feature is a blend of a PAH feature and C60. The derived C60 abundance is consistent with that from previous upper limits and possible fullerene detections in the interstellar medium.
© EAS, EDP Sciences 2011
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