EAS Publications Series
Volume 42, 2010Extrasolar Planets in Multi-Body Systems: Theory and Observations
|Page(s)||375 - 383|
|Published online||19 April 2010|
K. Goździewski, A. Niedzielski and J. Schneider (eds)
EAS Publications Series, 42 (2010) 375-383
Making extrasolar planets from solar systems via dynamical interactions
Lund Observatory, Box 43, 221 00 Lund, Sweden
Most stars form in some sort of stellar cluster or association. In such environments the number density of stars is much higher than in the solar neighbourhood, which means that close encounters between stars may be relatively common. Using numerical simulations we quantify the fraction of single stars in the solar neighbourhood that have never suffered a close encounter or been part of a binary system. We call such stars singletons. Furthermore, we study what would happen to a solar-system-like planetary system if its host star was exchanged into a binary system during an exchange encounter in a young stellar cluster. The perturbation of the companion star might in such a system trigger strong planet-planet scatterings. This would subsequently lead to the ejection of one or more planets, leaving those remaining on tighter and more eccentric orbits. We find that only if the gas giants in solar-system-like planetary systems most often have rather similar masses does the resulting eccentricity distribution resemble that of the observed extrasolar planets.
© EAS, EDP Sciences, 2010
Current usage metrics show cumulative count of Article Views (full-text article views including HTML views, PDF and ePub downloads, according to the available data) and Abstracts Views on Vision4Press platform.
Data correspond to usage on the plateform after 2015. The current usage metrics is available 48-96 hours after online publication and is updated daily on week days.
Initial download of the metrics may take a while.