EAS Publications Series
Volume 36, 2009Dark Energy and Dark Matter: Observations, Experiments and Theories
|Page(s)||75 - 82|
|Published online||30 May 2009|
E. Pécontal, T. Buchert, Ph. Di Stefano and Y. Copin (eds)
EAS Publications Series, 36 (2009) 75-82
Nonlinear Structure Formation, Backreaction and Weak Gravitational Fields
Tata Inst. of Fundamental Research, Homi Bhabha Road, Colaba, Mumbai 400005, India
There is an ongoing debate in the literature concerning the effects of averaging out inhomogeneities (“backreaction”) in cosmology. In particular, some simple models of structure formation studied in the literature seem to indicate that the backreaction can play a significant role at late times, and it has also been suggested that the standard perturbed FLRW framework is no longer a good approximation during structure formation, when the density contrast becomes nonlinear. In this work we use Zalaletdinov's covariant averaging scheme (macroscopic gravity or MG) to show that as long as the metric of the Universe can be described by the perturbed FLRW form, the corrections due to averaging remain negligibly small. Further, using a fully relativistic and reasonably generic model of pressureless spherical collapse, we show that as long as matter velocities remain small (which is true in our model), the perturbed FLRW form of the metric can be explicitly recovered. Together, these results imply that the backreaction remains small even during nonlinear structure formation, and we confirm this within the toy model with a numerical calculation.
© EAS, EDP Sciences, 2009
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