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EAS Publications Series
Volume 10, 2003JENAM 2002, Galactic & Stellar Dynamics
|Page(s)||3 - 3|
|Published online||22 December 2003|
C. Boily, P. Patsis, S. Portegies Zwart, R. Spurzem and C. Theis (eds)
EAS Publications Series, 10 (2003) 3
Gas Dynamics in Central Parts of Galaxies
INAF - Osservatorio Astrofisico di Arcetri, Largo E. Fermi 5, 50125 Firenze, Italy
2 Obserwatorium Astronomiczne Uniwersytetu Jagiellońskiego, Cracow, Poland
Asymmetries in galactic potentials, either self-induced, or caused by a passing companion, play an important role in global gas dynamics in galaxies. In particular, they are able to trigger gas inflow, which in turn feeds nuclear activity. In the inner kiloparsec, the inflowing gas becomes subject to various resonances induced by asymmetry in the potential. This produces complicated gas morphology and dynamics seen in the nuclear rings and spirals. Formation of nuclear rings is related to barred galaxies, and explained by the orbital structure in bars. One can get basic understanding of weak nuclear spirals from the linear wave theory, but stronger spirals are likely to be out of the linear regime, and they appear as spiral shocks in hydrodynamical models. In addition, nuclear stellar bars are observed in a considerable fraction of disc galaxies, often nested inside the large bar; their orbital structure further modifies the nuclear gas dynamics. If a massive black hole (MBH) is present in the galactic centre, it governs the resonances even beyond its classically defined sphere of influence. Since resonances shape gas dynamics in the nuclear region, the central black hole should be able to regulate gas flow around itself.
© EAS, EDP Sciences, 2003
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